How To Treat Sunburn
The moment you see signs of reddening on the skin, it is
being damaged. Even your skin being tan
is a sign of skin damage! With high UV Indexes, you can start to burn in less
than a half hour, which is not a very long period of time. Using sun protective
clothing with a UPF 15 (good protection) to UPF 50 and above, (excellent
protection blocking 97.5% of UVA & UVB rays) is always the first
preventative measure we can all take to make protecting your skin from the
sun’s UV rays much more convenient. You won’t have to worry about applying sun
block in hard to reach areas or worry about reapplying it. To protect your face
a sun protective hat with a wide brim is
helpful as well.
Moisturize, Exfoliate and include Antioxidants in Your Daily
One easy way to provide moisture and pain relief from
sunburn is to use Aloe Vera gel. We recommend you store a bottle of in the
refrigerator. It adds a nice cooling sensation when applying it. Sunburns also tend to peel, and it’s a good idea to gently
exfoliate your excess skin while you are in the shower. It’s also a good idea
to use a luffa sponge as a part of your skin care routine to remove dead skin. Follow
up by using products that contain antioxidants such as Vitamin E, Vitamin A and
Vitamin C. When you sunburn, your skin cells become damaged by free radicals.
Free radicals are oxygen molecules that become unstable and split because they
are now missing an electron. (Read more about free radicals here)
Their only task is to obtain an electron from another cell, thus damaging it
and it become a free radical. The process repeats itself. SPF recommends using Vitamin C, A & D as a daily part of your life. We
encourage you to use products with these antioxidants on your skin and in your
diet. You can also try adding a multivitamin that you take on a daily basis as
When you sunburn, you usually notice that your skin in
puffy. This is because sunburn draws fluid to the skin and the rest of your
body. It’s important to stay drink plenty of water or sports drinks that
In the heat, it is
always important to be aware of heat exhaustion, which can lead to heat stroke.
This can sneak up on you easily, and even more so in high UV Indexes. (Click
here to find your heat index)
We recommend that if you believe you are starting to show signs of heat
exhaustion that you move to a cooler place immediately, drink cold fluids and
keep yourself cooled down, even if that includes taking a cold shower if you
start to experience any of the symptoms below -
Symptoms of heat exhaustion include: Dizziness, dry mouth,
nausea, inability to stay focused, difficulty walking, exhaustion and tiredness
and will eventually lead to heat stroke which can be fatal!
If someone loses consciousness it is imperative to seek
medical attention at once. In the meantime, cool the person down by using a
garden hose with cold water, using cold compresses in the armpit and groin area
until help arrives.
Over-the-Counter Inflammatory Medications
Sunburns are painful, you can use ibuprofen or naproxen
sodium which are both known anti-inflammatory pain relievers. You can use other
pain relievers, but unless they are anti-inflammatory, it will not reduce the swelling.
Severe Sunburns & Treatment
If you simply have reddening of the skin without blisters,
you can use some of the remedies we mentioned above.
Treating sunburn can be tough if you have blisters, it’s important
to start as early as possible. If you stay out in the sun without protection
you are bound to sunburn with blisters. These types of sunburns are very painful
and if you have blisters on more than a quarter of your body, you should seek
Also, no matter how tempted you are, do not break the
blisters intentionally. The fluid inside helps the healing process, if you
break them you will extend the time it takes to heal, extend the healing
process and possibly cause an infection. If blisters break on their own, care
for them as you would any abrasion you have on your body. Do not peel off any skin; leave the skin to
lay as natural as possible. If you feel it is necessary to cover the blisters,
do so only with light weight gauze.
If your blisters become infected or increasingly painful, it
is best to seek medical attention.